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Fomo Among Polish Adolescents. Fear of Missing Out As A Diagnostic and Educational Challenge
Fear Of Missing Out (FOMO) continues to be an under-researched phenomenon and is a form of problematic use of the Internet (commonly mistaken for Internet addiction). FOMO is a behaviour connected with the avalanche of information and the development of new digital technologies. Young people in particular are exposed to FOMO. Age is a predictive factor for different types of problematic Internet use. Therefore, coverage by specific diagnostic and preventive activities is a special task for experts in media pedagogy. The aim of the research was to show the scale of the FOMO phenomenon among Polish adolescents. The research covered 979 adolescents aged 13-18 years. The research was conducted with the use of the questionnaire "Social Media Use and the Fear of Missing Out (FoMO)" throughout Poland in the school year 2018-2019. On the basis of the collected data it was noted that: 1) the most frequent symptom of FOMO is the use of social networking sites just before bedtime (about 70% of respondents) and just after waking up (about 50% of respondents); 2) About 30% of respondents are classified as possessing strong FOMO characteristics, about 43.5% have an average FOMO level, 26.5% have a problem-free use of SNS; 3) All FOMO factors coexist at medium or high levels; 4) Girls have a slightly higher FOMO level than boys; 5) Variables re-lated to place of residence, type of school, grade average, and subjective sense of wealth are related to FOMO intensity. FOMO is an important challenge for education, the prevention of risky behaviour in cyberspace, and the development of the information society.