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9th World Conference on Information Systems and Technologies

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Measuring Variability In Acute Myocardial Infarction Coding Using A Statistical Process Control and Probabilistic Temporal Data Quality Control Approaches

Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) is frequently reported when coding hos-pital encounters, being commonly monitored through acute care outcomes. Variability in clinical coding within hospital administrative databases, how-ever, may indicate data quality issues and thereby negatively affect quality assessment of care delivered to AMI patients, apart from impacting health care management, decision making and research as a whole. In this study, we applied statistical process control and probabilistic temporal data quality control approaches to assess inter-hospital and temporal variability in coding AMI episodes within a nationwide Portuguese hospitalization database. The application of the present methodologies identified affected data distribu-tions that can be potentially linked to data quality issues. A total of 12 out of 36 institutions substantially differed in coding AMI when compared to their peers, mostly presenting lower than expected incidences of AMI. Results al-so indicate the existence of abnormal temporal patterns demanding addition-al investigation, as well as dissimilarities of temporal data batches in the pe-riods comprising the recent transition to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) and changes in the Diagnosis-Related Group (DRG) software. Hence, the main contribution of this paper is the use of reproducible, feasible and easy-to-interpret meth-ods that can be employed to monitor the variability in clinical coding and that could be integrated into data quality assessment frameworks.

Julio Souza
Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto
Portugal

Ismael Caballero
University of Castilla-La Mancha
Spain

João Vasco Santos
Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto
Portugal

Mariana Lobo
Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto
Portugal

Andreia Pinto
Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto
Portugal

João Viana
Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto
Portugal

Carlos Sáez
Universitat Politècnica de València
Spain

Alberto Freitas
Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto
Portugal

 


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