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Trends, Challenges and Opportunities For Iot In Smallholder Agriculture Sector: An Evaluation From The Perspective of Good Practices.
The Colombian agriculture industry represents 6.7% of the country's GDP, and 7.4% of total exports, showing a clear inclination towards agriculture, and the ur-gent demand to technify the countryside, focusing efforts on extension processes, practice, research and technology transfer in the agricultural sector. Even with government efforts, work in the small-scale sector is rudimentary and traditional, leading to land degradation and low production which prevents smallholders from competing in national and international markets on equal terms. This paper proposes a review of the literature using DANDELION methodology, focused on the use of IoT in agriculture, evaluating each of the approaches in the context of good practices in IoT in agriculture, defined by comparing the definitions pro-vided by the ITU, FAO, OECD and World Bank. It will serve as a basis for standardizing the development of IoT solutions in agriculture at the national level.